Have you ever pondered why a virgin man or woman becomes infertile when it is time for him or her to reproduce? Or why a man or woman who has reproduced once find it difficult to reproduce again? Neglect of the existence or invasion of STIs is always the root cause. Study has shown that over 70 percent of infertility cases are as a result of infections, that have their origin from sexual activities.
What are STIs (sexually transmitted infection). They are diseases that are contacted and transmitted through sexual contacted and caused by micro organisms that survive on the skin or mucus membranes; or that are transmitted through semen, vaginal secretions or blood, during intercourse. They are also known as venereal diseases (VD), sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), or morbus venereus (MV).
The virgin man or woman gets it wrong and then falls prey to the devourer when he thinks that STIs are only contacted through sex. Infertility He or She says, she had never had sex and so feels unconcerned. On the contrary experts posits that since theses STD are contagious, just as any other contagious diseases communicable be contacted not only through human carrier but even through non human carrier. They therefore maintain that some STIs can also be spread by non sexual contacts with contaminated objects, blood, tissues, during childbirth, breastfeeding etc. it is therefore necessary for diseases are not always directly transmitted.
The genital areas provide a warm moist environment that is especially conducive to proliferation of bacteria viruses, and yeasts. This way a great number of diseases can be transmitted whether directly or indirectly. Such diseases include: AIDS, Chlamydia, genital warts, gonorrhea, syphilis, yeast infections, trichomoniasis, different forms of hepatitis, herpes and a host of others.
Neglect of these STIs can lead to infertility, chroninic illnesses or death. One need to always go for medical tests to find out whether he or she hast the diseases and treat them accordingly. A virgin or non virgin can be infected; don’t be ignorant of this fact. All these STIs are highly preventable, some are curable but some are not. The god news is that those that are not curable are treatable or manageable, examples HIV/AIDS, herpes, hepatitis and HPV. Meanwhile others like syphilis, gonorrhea, Chlamydia, trichomoniasis, are curable.
Do not neglect symptoms like vaginal discharge, penile discharge, and ulcers on or around the genitals, pelvic pains. Constant check or test can help a lot. In any cases preventive measures are better that curative. Pregnant mothers are also adviced to treat sexually transmitted disease both before and during pregnancy. In an antenatal talk given by one of the nurse in the maternal health care unit of the cottage hospital uwani. Pregnant mothers were urged to treat infections not only for the welfare of the foetus but also future conceptions. She noted that infections, if left untreated can in the future block the woman’s fallopian tubes or affect any other major part of the reproductive system. That is when the issue of infertility arises even when the woman has given birth before.
THERE ARE SEVERAL WAYS TO AVOID OR REDUCE YOUR RISK OF SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS.
- Cleanliness: maintain general body and environment hygiene
- Abstain. The most effective way to avoid STIs is to abstain from sex
- Stay with one uninfected partner. Another reliable way of avoiding STIs is to stay in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who isn’t infected
- Wait and verify. Avoid vaginal and anal intercourse with new partners until you have both been tested for STIs. Oral sex is less risky, but use a latex condom or dental dam — a thin, square piece of rubber made with latex or silicone — to prevent direct contact between the oral and genital mucous membranes. Keep in mind that no good screening test exists for genital herpes for either sex, and human papillomavirus (HPV) screening isn’t available for men.
- Get vaccinated. Getting vaccinated early, before sexual exposure, is also effective in preventing certain types of STIs. Vaccines are available to prevent human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis A and hepatitis B.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends the HPV vaccine for girls and boys ages 11 and 12. If not fully vaccinated at ages 11 and 12, the CDC recommends that girls and women through age 26 and boys and men through age 26 receive the vaccine. In Nigeria the vaccine is given within 24 hrs after the child is delivered.
The hepatitis B vaccine is usually given to newborns, and the hepatitis A vaccine is recommended for 1-year-olds. Both vaccines are recommended for people who aren’t already immune to these diseases and for those who are at increased risk of infection, such as men who have sex with men and IV drug users.
- Use condoms and dental dams consistently and correctly. Use a new latex condom or dental dam for each sex act, whether oral, vaginal or anal. Never use an oil-based lubricant, such as petroleum jelly, with a latex condom or dental dam. Condoms made from natural membranes are not recommended because they’re not as effective at preventing STIs. Keep in mind that while condoms reduce your risk of exposure to most STIs, they provide a lesser degree of protection for STIs involving exposed genital sores, such as human papillomavirus (HPV) or herpes. Also, nonbarrier forms of contraception, such as oral contraceptives or intrauterine devices, don’t protect against STIs.
- Don’t drink alcohol excessively or use drugs. If you’re under the influence, you’re more likely to take sexual risks.
- Communicate. Before any serious sexual contact, communicate with your partner about practicing safer sex. Reach an explicit agreement about what activities will and won’t be OK.
- Consider male circumcision. There’s evidence that male circumcision can help reduce a man’s risk of acquiring HIV from an infected woman (heterosexual transmission) by as much as 60 percent. Male circumcision may also help prevent transmission of genital HPV and genital herpes.
- Mistreatment: self medication is dangerous. Don’t go on treating yourself or taking drugs without diagnosis. You must go for medical test to confirm the type of infection and so doing, the infections are treated fully and then the system will be freed.
Consider the drug Truvada. In July 2012, the Food and Drug Administration approved the use of the combination drug emtricitabine-tenofovir (Truvada) to reduce the risk of sexually transmitted HIV infection in those who are at high risk. Truvada is also used as an HIV treatment along with other medications.
When used to help prevent HIV infection, Truvada is only appropriate if your doctor is certain you don’t already have HIV infection.
Your doctor should also test for hepatitis B infection. If you don’t have hepatitis B, your doctor may recommend the hepatitis B vaccine if you haven’t had it yet. If you have hepatitis B, your doctor should test your kidney function before prescribing Truvada.
Truvada must be taken daily, exactly as prescribed, and you’ll need follow-up HIV and kidney function testing every few months. Truvada should only be used along with other prevention strategies such as condom use every time you have sex.
It’s traumatic to find out you have an STI. You might be angry if you feel you’ve been betrayed or ashamed if there’s a chance you infected others. At worst, an STI can cause chronic illness and death, even with the best care in the world.
Between those extremes is a host of other potential losses — trust between partners, plans to have children, and the joyful embrace of your sexuality and its expression.
Here’s how you can cope:
- Put blame on hold. Don’t jump to the conclusion that your partner has been unfaithful to you. One (or both) of you may have been infected by a past partner.
- Be candid with health care workers. Their job is not to judge you, but to stop STIs from spreading. Anything you tell them remains confidential.
- Contact your health department. Although they may not have the staff and funds to offer comprehensive services, local health departments maintain STI programs that provide confidential testing, treatment and partner services.
(CDC). However, a large number of those infections could be avoided if people made different decisions about their sexual health.
The only guaranteed method to prevent STDs is to abstain from all sexual contact. This may not a practical solution for everyone. Fortunately, there are steps people can take to limit their risk of exposure.
Effective STD prevention begins before any clothing comes off. There are some things you can do to reduce your STD risk before having sex. These include:
- limiting your number of sexual partners
- talking honestly with potential partners about your sexual history
- getting tested, along with your partner, before having sex
- avoiding sex when under the influence of alcohol or drugs
- getting vaccinated against the human papillomavirus (HPV) and hepatitis B (HBV)
Many people mistakenly think they would know if they or their partner had an STD. This isn’t always true, because not everyone with STDs knows they are infected. That’s why it’s so important to get tested before you have sex with a new partner.
If you have been diagnosed with an STD, it’s important to tell your partner. That way you can both make informed decisions about risk. You should also explicitly ask your partner if they have (or have had) a STD. Honesty about STD diagnoses is very important. An STD diagnosis is not always a deal breaker. However, being lied to can ruin a relationship.
It’s always a good idea to practice safer sex. This is true even if you have both been tested. Testing is not always accurate. Even in the presence of infection, some tests can take a while to turn positive.
In addition to testing and practicing safe sex, it’s a good idea to be aware of the symptoms of various STDs. Symptoms are not a reliable way of determining if someone has an STD. Many people can have an STD without having any symptoms. However, unexplained symptoms are a good reason to refrain from having sex until you or your partner has been tested.
To prevent getting a sexually transmitted disease, or STD, always avoid sex with anyone who has genital sores, a rash, discharge, or other symptoms. The only time unprotected sex is safe is if you and your partner have sex only with each other, and if it’s been at least six months since you each tested negative for STDs. Otherwise you should:
- Use latex condoms every time you have sex. If you use a lubricant, make sure it’s water-based. Use condoms for the entire sex act. Condoms are not 100% effective at preventing disease or pregnancy. However, they are extremely effective if used properly. Learn how to use condoms correctly.
- Avoid sharing towels or underclothing.
- Wash before and after intercourse.
- Get a vaccination for hepatitis B. This is a series of three shots.
- Get tested for HIV.
- If you have a problem with drug or alcohol abuse, get help. People who are drunk or on drugs often fail to have safe sex.
- Consider that not having sex is the only sure way to prevent STDs.
To prevent giving an STD to someone else:
- Stop having sex until you see a doctor and are treated.
- Follow your doctor’s instructions for treatment.
- Use condoms whenever you have sex, especially with new partners.
- Don’t resume having sex unless your doctor says it’s OK.
- Return to your doctor to get rechecked.
- Be sure your sex partner or partners also are treated.